Launch: - (scheduled for 21.2.1967)
Crew: Virgil Grissom, Ed White, Roger Chaffee
Apollo 1 crew were tragically lost in fire during pre-launch test on January 27th 1967
Mission: Demonstrate structural and thermal integrity of launch vehicle and spacecraft.
Duration: 8 h 36 min 59 s
First unmanned flight test of the newly developed Saturn-V rocket. It was a success despite computer failure and fuel leak during the flight.
Mission: first unmanned flight test of the Lunar Module in earth orbit.
Duration: 8 h 36 min 59 s
The rocket used was a scaled down version of the Saturn V: the Saturn IB. Apollo 5 caught
up on some of Apollo 1's flight tests.
Mission: Demonstrate structure and thermal integrity and compatibility of launch vehicle and spacecraft. Verify operation of Saturn V propulsion, guidance and control, and electrical systems.
Duration: 10 h 22 min 59 s
Second unmanned flight of Saturn V. Early cutoff of S-II engines and overburn of S-IVB engine caused unplanned elliptical orbit.
Crew: Walter M. Schirra, Don F. Eisele, Walter Cunningham
Mission: first manned mission, 163 earth orbits
Duration: 10 Days 20 h 9 min
Flight with Saturn IB.
Crew: Frank Bormann, James A. Lovell, William A. Anders
Duration: 6 Days 3 h 42 s
first manned lunar orbit (with Saturn V)
Crew: James A. McDivitt, David R. Scott, Russel L. Schweickart
Mission: Start of a complete moon flight system in a earth orbit, 151 earth orbits
Duration: 10 Days 1 h 53 s
Lunar Module: Spider
Command and Service Module: Gumdrop
Coupling of Service Module with Lunar Module in a earth orbit.
Crew: Thomas P. Stafford, John W. Young, Eugene A. Cernan
Mission: first flight to a lunar orbit and simulating the application of the lunar module
Duration: 8 Days 3 min 23 s
Lunar Module: Snoopy
Command and Service Module: Charlie Brown
Lunar Module with astronauts Stafford and Young converged up to 14 kilometers to the
Launch: 16.07.1969 9.32 Uhr
Crew: Neil A. Armstrong, Michael Collins, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin
Landed on Moon: 20. Juli 1969
First step: 02:56:15 UT July 21, 1969
Landing site: Mare Tranquillitatis (0.67° N, 23.47° E)
Returned to Earth: 24. Juli 1969
Duration: 8 Days 3 h 18 min 35 sec
Lunar Module: Eagle
Command and Service Module: Columbia
First Lunar Landing Mission, one excursion with total time of 2 hours and 15 minutes
Crew: Charles Conrad, Richard F. Gordon, Alan L. Bean
Landed on Moon: 19. November 1969
Landing site: Oceanus Procellarum (3.01° S, 23.42° W), with distance of only only 183m
from the Surveyor III spacecraft.
Returned to Earth: 24. November 1969
Duration: 10 Days 4 h 36 min 24 s
Stay on the moon: 31 h 31 min
Lunar Module: Intrepid
Command and Service Module: Yankee Clipper
Two excursions with total time of 7 hours and 39 minutes.
Apollo 12's mission almost ended seconds after launch. Saturn rocket hit by lightning twice, 32 sec. and 52 sec. after launch temporarily cutting electrical power and telemetry. Seconds after it was up again, Houston decided to continue the mission.
Crew: James A. Lovell, John L. Swigert, Fred W. Haise
Duration: 5 Days 22 h 54 min 41 s
Lunar Module: Aquarius
Command and Service Module: Odyssey
Explosion in one of the oxygen tanks on the way to the moon, no landing on the moon.
Crew: Alan B. Shepard, Stuart A. Roosa, Edgar D. Mitchell
Landed on Moon: 5. Februar 1971
Landing site: Fra Mauro (3.65° S, 17.47° W)
Returned to Earth: 9. February 1971
Duration: 9 Days 0 h 42 m
Stay on the moon: 33 h 31 min
Lunar Module: Antares
Command and Service Module: Kitty Hawk
Two excursions with total time of 9 hours and 25 minutes.
Crew: David R. Scott, Alfred M. Worden, James B. Irwin
Landed on Moon: 30. Juli 1971
Landing site: Hadley-Rille / Apenninen (26.13° N, 3.63° E)
Returned to Earth: 7. August 1971
Duration: 12 Days 7 h 11 min 53s
Stay on the moon: 66 h 55 min
Lunar Module: Falcon
Command and Service Module: Endeavour
Three excursions with total time of 18 hours and 36 minutes, first mission with Lunar
Crew: John Young, Thomas Mattingly, Charles Duke
Landed on Moon: 21. April 1972
Landing site: Descartes (8.99° S, 15.49° E)
Returned to Earth: 27. April 1972
Duration: 11 Days 1 h 51 min 5 s
Stay on the moon: 71 h 2 min
Lunar Module: Orion
Command and Service Module: Casper
Three excursions with total time of 20 hours and 14 minutes, with the Lunar Roving Vehicle too.
Crew: Eugene A. Cernan, Ronald E. Evans, Harrison H. Schmitt
Landed on Moon: 11. December 1972
Landing site: Taurus-Littrow (20.18° N, 30.76° E)
Returned to Earth: 19. December 1972
Duration: 12 Days 13 h 51 m
Stay on the moon: 75 h 0 min
Lunar Module: Challenger
Command and Service Module: America
Three two excursions with total time of 22 hours and 6 minutes, using the Lunar Roving Vehicle too.
Launch: 15. July 1975
Crew: Thomas Stafford, Vance Brand, Donald Slayton
Duration: 12 Days 13 h 51 m
Rendezvous of the separately launched Apollo-Capsule with Soyus 19 (Crew: Alexej A.
Leonow and Valerij N. Kubasow) in earth orbit.
The rocket was a Saturn IB for the last time.
Apollo 18 - 20
Originally three more mission should have been performed: Apollo 18, 19 and 20. These were cancelled because of shortenings in NASA's budget.
To preserve at least the successor program Skylab, NASA first cancelled Apollo 20 in January 1970 and then in September Apollo 15 and 19. The remaining missions were renumbered to 15-17.
The following astronauts were expected to take off with Apollo 18-20:
Commandant: Richard Gordon
Pilot: Vance Brand
Pilot of Lunar Module: Harrison H. Schmitt
Commandant: Fred W. Haise
Pilot: Willam Pogue
Pilot of Lunar Module: Gerald Carr
Commandant: Charles Conrad or Stuart Roosa
Pilot: Paul Weitz
Pilot of Lunar Module: Jack Lousma
Harrison Schmitt became Apollo 17's pilot of the Lunar Module after his mission was cancelled. He replaced Joe Engle who commanded two Shuttle missions.
Vance Brand took part in the Apollo-Soyus (ASTP) and three Shuttle missions.
Charles Conrad and Paul Weitz were the first crew on Skylab.
Jack Lousma was a member of the second Skylab mission, William Pogue and Gerald Carr of the third.