Inventions and Inventors (up to 20th century)

1590 Compound microscope

Zacharias Janssen


1593 Water thermometer

Galileo


1608 Telescope

Hans Lippershey


1642 Adding machine

Blaise Pascal


1643 Barometer

Evangelista Torricelli


1656 Pendulum clock

Christiaan Huygens


1668 Reflecting telescope

Isaac Newton


1671 Calculating machine

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz


1701 Seed drill

Jethro Tull


1705 Steam engine

Thomas Newcomen


1710 Piano

Bartolomeo Cristofori


1714 Mercury thermometer

Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit


1717 Diving bell

Edmund Halley


1725 Stereotyping

William Ged


1752 Lightning rod

Benjamin Franklin


1759 Marine chronometer

John Harrison


1770 Automobile

Nicholas Joseph Cugnot


1775 Submarine

David Bushnell


1780 Steel pen

Samuel Harrison


1780 Bifocal lens

Benjamin Franklin


1783 Balloon

The Montgolfier brothers


1784 Threshing machine

Andrew Meikle


1786 Steamboat

John Fitch


1788 Flyball governor

James Watt


1791 Gas turbine

John Barber


1796 Smallpox vaccination

Edward Jenner


1800 Electric battery

Count Alessandro Volta


1804 Screw propeller

John Stevens


1804 Solid-fuel rocket

William Congreve


1810 Printing Press

Frederick Koenig


1815 Safety lamp

Sir Humphry Davy


1816 Bicycle

Karl D. Sauerbronn


1819 Stethoscope

René Théophile Hyacinthe Laënnee


1820 Galvanometer

Johann Salomo Cristoph Schweigger


1821 Electric motor

Michael Faraday


1823 Electromagnet

William Sturgeon


1827 Friction match

John Walker


1829 Typewriter

W.A. Burt


1829 Braille printing

Louis Braille


1830 Sewing machine

Barthélemy Thimonnier


1831 Dynamo

Michael Faraday


1835 Pistol

Samuel Colt


1838 Morse code

Samuel Finley Breese Morse


1839 Vulcanized rubber

Charles Goodyear


1845 Pneumatic tire

Robert William Thompson


1846 Ether

Crawford Williamson Long


1849 Reinforced concrete

F.J. Monier


1849 Safety pin

Walter Hunt


1852 Elevator

Elisha Graves Otis


1852 Gyroscope

Jean Bernard Léon Foucault


1855 Hypodermic syringe

Alexander Wood


1855 Safety matches

J.E. Lundstrom


1855 Gas burner

Robert Wilhelm Bunsen


1858 Harvester

Charles and William Marsh


1860 Gas engine

Étienne Lenoir


1861 Electric furnace

Wilhelm Siemens


1861 Machine gun

Richard Jordan Gatling


1861 Kinematoscope

Coleman Sellers


1865 Antiseptic surgery

Joseph Lister


1866 Paper

Benjamin Chew Tilghman


1866 Dynamite

Alfred Bernhard Nobel


1868 Dry cell

Georges Leclanché


1868 Typewriter

Carlos Glidden and Christopher Latham Sholes


1870 Celluloid

John Wesley Hyatt and Isaiah Hyatt


1876 Telephone

Alexander Graham Bell


1877 4 cycle combustion engine

Nikolaus August Otto


1877 Phonograph

Thomas Alva Edison


1877 Microphone

Emile Berliner


1877 Electric welding

Elihu Thomson


1878 Cathode ray tube

Sir William Crookes


1879 Cash register

James J. Ritty


1879 Incandescent filament lamp

Thomas Alva Edison and Sir Joseph Wilson Swan


1879 2 cycle Automobile engine

Karl Benz


1884 Steam turbine

C.A. Parsons


1884 Fountain pen

Lewis Edson Waterman


1885 AC transformer

William Stanley


1887 Air-inflated rubber tire

J.B. Dunlop


1887 Gramophone

Emile Berliner


1887 Gas mantle

Baron Carl Auer von Welsbach


1888 Adding machine

William Seward Burroughs


1888 Kodak camera

George Eastman


1889 Steam turbine

C.G. de Laval


1891 Glider

Otto Lilienthal


1892 AC motor

Nikola Tesla


1892 Three-color camera

Frederick Eugene Ives


1892 Vacuum flask

Sir James Dewar


1893 Photoelectric cell

Julius Elster Hans F. Geitel


1893 Diesel engine

Rudolf Diesel


1893 Gasoline automobile

Charles Edgar Duryea and J. Frank Duryea


1893 Motion picture machine

Thomas Alva Edison


1895 X-ray

Wilhelm Konrad Röntgen


1896 Experimental airplane

Samuel Pierpont Langley


1896 Wireless telegraph

Marchese Guglielmo Marconi
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