Greek and Roman Gods


Greek (Romanized)

Roman

Roman (Anglicized)

Functions

Adonis

Adonis


lord, master, or patron

Amphitrite

Salacia


Amphitrite: lit. the third surrounding [the sea]

Ananke

Necessitas


force, constraint, necessity

Anemoi

Venti


winds

Aphrodite

Venus


love or sexual desire

Apollo / Phoebus

Apollo / Phoebus


light; prophecy; healing; plagues; music and poetry; Phoebus: lit. shining one

Ares

Mars


war

Artemis

Diana


hunting, the hunt; wilderness, wild animals; virginity, childbirth; Diana: lit. heavenly or divine

Asclepius

Aesculapius / Vejovis


healing

Athena / Athene

Minerva


wisdom; strategy; the arts and crafts; weaving

Atropos

Morta


Atropos: lit. inflexible; death

Boreas

Aquilo / Aquilon


North Wind or Devouring One

Charites

Gratiae


Graces

Charon

Charon


fierce, flashing, feverish gaze (eyes)

Chloris

Flora


Chloris: lit. greenish-yellow, pale green, pale, pallid, fresh; Flora: lit. flower

Clotho

Nona


spinning; thread

Cronus

Saturnus

Saturn


Cybele

Magna Mater


Magna Mater: lit. Great Mother

Demeter

Ceres


grains, agricultural fertility; Demeter: lit. Earth Mother

Dionysus / Bacchus

Liber / Bacchus


wine and winemaking; revelry; ecstasy; Liber: lit. the free one

Enyo

Bellona


war

Eos

Aurora / Matuta


dawn

Erinyes

Dirae / Furiae

Furies

Furies

Eris

Discordia


strife

Eros

Cupido / Amor

Cupid

sexual love

Eurus

Vulturnus


East Wind

Gaia / Gaea

Terra / Tellus


the earth

Hades / Pluto

Dis Pater / Pluto /Orcus


the underworld. Hades: lit. the unseen

Hebe

Iuventas

Juventas

youth

Hecate

Trivia


will; Hecate: trans. she who has power far off

Helios

Sol


sun

Hephaestus

Vulcanus

Vulcan

metalwork, forges; fire, lava

Hera

Iuno

Juno

marriage, family

Heracles

Hercules


Heracles: lit. glory of Hera

Hermes

Mercurius

Mercury

transitions; boundaries; thieves; travelers; commerce; Hermes: poss. "interpreter"; Mercurius: related to Latin "merx" (merchandise), "mercari" (to trade), and "merces" (wages)

Hesperus

Vesper


evening, supper, evening star, west

Hestia

Vesta


hearth, fireplace, domesticity

Hygeia

Salus


health; cleanliness

Hypnos

Somnus


sleep

Irene

Pax


peace


Ianus

Janus

beginnings; transitions; motion; doorways

Lachesis

Decima


Lachesis: lit. disposer of lots; luck

Leto

Latona



Moirai / Moerae

Parcae / Fatae

Fates

Apportioners

Musae

Camenae

Muses


Nike

Victoria


victory

Notus

Auster


South Wind

Nyx

Nox


night

Odysseus

Ulixes / Ulysses



Palaemon

Portunes / Portunus


keys, doors; ports, harbors

Pan

Faunus


nature, the wild


Silvanus


Silvanus: lit. of the woods

Persephone

Proserpina

Proserpine

poss. "to emerge"

Pheme

Fama


fame; rumor

Phosphorus

Lucifer


lit. light bearer

Poseidon

Neptunus

Neptune

sea; water; horses; earthquakes

Priapus

Mutinus Mutunus


fertility; livestock; gardens; male genitalia

Rhea

Magna Mater / Ops

(See Cybele, above)


Rhea: lit. flowing. Ops: lit. wealth, abundance, resources.

Satyrs / Panes

(See Pan, above)

Fauni

Fauns


Selene

Luna


moon

Semele

Stimula



Thanatos

Mors


death

Themis

Iustitia

Justice

law of nature

Tyche

Fortuna

Fortune

luck, fortune

Uranus

Caelus


sky


Vertumnus


the seasons; change

Zephyrus / Zephyr

Favonius


West Wind; Favonius: lit. favorable

Zeus

Iuppiter / Iovis

Jupiter / Jove

Sky Father

Comments